Monday, 19 May 2014

Bollywood from past to present.........

Bollywood  reflects  the  transformation  of   the  Indian  psyche  from  a  post-colonial politeness  of  the  1950s  to  the  confident  global  Indian  of  present  century.
 Shammi  Kapoor  initiated  this  transformation  during  the  50s  and  Amitabh  signalled  through  his  on-screen  activities  that  Indians  have  been  changing  in  their  thought  and  behaviour.  The  new Indian  could  also  be  seen  in  ‘Dil  Chahta  Hai ’.  Suddenly  it  was  cool  to  be  cool.  For  decades, Bollywood reflected  the  angst  and  agony  of  struggling  India . What  started  as  a  catharsis  of  the  castrated  has  now  ended  in  the  metamorphosis  of  the  mutilated . Along  with  the  heroes, villains  have  also  changed  faces  on  the  screen.  From  the  cruel  zamindars  to  antagonist  rich fathers   of  the  heroines,  from  deadly  smugglers  to  anti  Indian  Dr. Dangs  and  Mogambos ,  from  corrupt  politicians  to  new  age  monsters  like  terrorists,  Bollywood  has  portrayed  all  those  characters  which  Indian  society  has  endorsed  as  villainous  and  anti-social.  The  new  age  heroine  is  also  revengeful  and  strong  like  Anjam's   Madhuri  while  heroines  of  early  days  were  epitome  of  beauty  and  elegancy  like  Vijayanti  Mala  in  Sangam.  From  colourful  ‘Mela’  dances  and  ‘Nautankis’  to  sizzling  item  numbers,  from  Holi  Celebrations  to  Valentine's  Day  Proposals  all  these  represent  slow  westernization  of  our  society.
After  Independence,  it  was  early  60s  when  India  had  to  look  for  solutions  to  its  numerous  problems,  Manoj  Kumar's  celluloid  adaptation  of  Lal  Bahadur's  slogan  of  ‘Jai  Jawan  Jai  Kisan' through  his  film  ‘Upkaar’.The  50s  represented  romanticism  and  hope  and  the  60s  were  marked  by  disillusionment  and  escapism,  the  70s  were  clearly  signed  by  rage  and  despair. In  the  80s,  India  faced  real  life  Mogambos,  while  new  frontiers  of  discontent  opened  up  from  Kashmir  to  the  North-East,  Bollywood  was  busy  experimenting  with  ingredients  ranging  from  science  fiction  to  Hollywood  remakes.

             The  90s  witnessed  a  churn  in  politics,  economics  and  society  that  would  often  transport  India  to  the  very  age  of  despair.  Movies  like  ‘HAHK’,  ‘DDLJ’  and  ‘KKHH’  showed  an  affluent  actor-actress  pair.

             In  the  new  Millennium,  the  world  came  to  terms  with  a  cocky  India  bulging  with  a  bare  chest  confidence.  Sex  was  no  longer  a  taboo  and  we  had  movies  like  ‘Murder’ ,  ‘Khwahish’  and  ‘Love,  Sex  Aur  Dhokha’.  On  the  other  hand,  masterpieces  like  ‘Company’  and  ‘Satya’, etc.


Sunday, 18 May 2014


          As we all see the movies and find a similarity between the two big film industry.Though, i tried  to find out clear difference between the two industries. Though the difference is quite clear as one is English film industry and one is Hindi film industry. But my main purpose is to find out which has progressed how much and how many milestone has been achieved by each industry.

        The main comparison between the two industries is the capital inflows and outflows. Comparison of the technology usage between the two industries. The marketing of the product, reach to global audience all these have added to competition between the two industries.
          But, Hollywood is way ahead in all these aspects from Bollywood. As, Bollywood is an emerging industry which has shown tremendous growth in last decade both in capital inflows and technology aspects.

But, still Hollywood films have way ahead of Bollywood films. Hollywood have action + story in there films which is worth watching. This phenomenon is adopted by the bollywood films but, still lacking in the Bollywood films. But now the films are full of action and stunts.  Here films are revolving around the hero on the old fashioned repeated tracks. I am not saying that Bollywood hasn't given good films but maximum percentage of films comprising on the same old track.

                                Talent in Bollywood films are shown time to time and  they are appreciated on the international platforms also. But, Bollywood is not able to deliver the quality product which let it stand on the same platform.


Originates Hollywood represents the American cinema. Bollywood represents the Hindi cinema, which is a small part of the Indian cinema.
Date of Origin Late 1800s Early 1900s
Language Mostly in English, but does incorporate other languages. Mostly in Hindi, but does incorporate other languages.
As a physical entity Is a small community in Los Angeles, California Does not have any physical representation.
Number of films produced annually Approximately 500 Approximately 1200
Revenue The highest grossing film industry. The third highest grossing film industry.
Story Story lines run around deeper plot lines. Story can be anything and is dependent on the writer. Story lines have deeper plots and can be regarding different topics. Incorporates love or romance in almost all movies.
Length of the movie Usually 1 hour to 1 ½ hours. However, some movies have also been 3 hours. Can range anywhere from 2 to 3 hours.
Music Incorporates background score to provide more depth to the storyline. Musicals incorporate musical and dance numbers. Incorporates musical and dance numbers in most of the films. Also has background score.

BOLLYWOOD - A reflection of Indian Ethos

       Ethos is a Greek word meaning "character" that is used to describe the guiding beliefs or ideals that characterize a community
, nation, or ideology.
              Bollywood is basically a Hindi film industry and second largest film industry after Hollywood. It is basically representing only the Hindi film industry. However, it is only a part of the large Indian film industry, which includes other production centres producing films in multiple languages.
              The Indian ethos get reflected in the cracked mirror of the bollywood, sometimes realistically and sometimes elliptically. But under the glamour of realism, the harsh facts of life are removed out. This is so because however, escapist or realistic cinema may be, it cannot remain unaffected by political and social environment.
             One of the clear example of Indian ethos is reflected in bollywood is that as we all know that  the Indian society is male dominated society and in the bollywood films revolve around the male protagonist.
             Dialogues in the bollywood films are the vibrant example of the Indian ethos because, as Dialogues are usually written in Hindi or Urdu that would appeal to the largest possible audience. Some movies, however, have used regional dialects to evoke a village setting, or old-fashioned, to add a flavour of geographical area, to give a realistic look to the film so that people can relate with it and understand the purpose of the film. Films which are depicting the rural ethos like  -  Mother India, Gangs of Wasseypur , Revolver Rani,  Pan Singh Tomar, Maqbool, etc.
                    Song and dance formula depicted in bollywood films, brought out the rich variety of Indian ethos and growing existential problems of the people.
                    The most important social function of the Hindi film is its ability to act as an interface between the traditions of Indian society and the disturbing modern or Western intrusions into it. This is best depicted by the sets which creates an atmosphere of Indian culture and shows the geographical features of a particular region to be shown.
                     Music in Indian cinema is unique in its cultural implications because it spells out the Indian­ness of bollywood even when the songs or the background score are influenced and inspired.
                     With the process of globalization in the 90s the whole scenario changed, including that of bollywood. The new wave films resorted to commoditization of culture while the popular ones escaped into traditionalism, family values, sanctity of relationship - in fact all those aspects of social life which came under threat as a result of marketisation, foreign television channels and displacement of indigenous industries under the onslaught of multinational companies. These films gave the audiences a false sense of security and, as a result, became highly popular. The trend was set by Sooraj Barjatia’s Hum Apke Hain Kaun which, with the help of 14 engrossing songs, created the illusion of happy joint families by glorifying wedding rituals. Ironically, in Barjatia’s  family, modernity is permissible but only in material terms- expanding business, sprawling bungalows and lavish interiors.
                     Films like Dil Wale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Dil To Pagal Hai and Kuch Kuch Hota Hai shows the code of conduct of tradition and custom like obedience to the patriarchal law, respect for elders and an overwhelming desire to belong to the fold, clan or community.

                     So, to conclude we have various examples like the dialogues, dummy sets, songs, dances and star cast which reflects the Indian ethos in every aspect of the bollywood. And, Therefore we can say that BOLLYWOOD - a reflection of Indian Ethos.